REEEC joins the U.N. Human Rights Council (HRC) in Geneva and the United States government in expressing extreme concern about the dire humanitarian and human rights crisis impacting the Armenian residents of  Nagorno-Karabakh and those who have fled the region.  In its October 11 statement, the HRC urges all countries to provide assistance to those displaced by this conflict, and to work to safeguard the cultural and religious heritages and human rights of all concerned.  For our part, we have created a list of resources for those wishing to know more about the region and this evolving crisis, as well as a list of ways to donate to support those affected by it.

News and Opinions: 

Thomas De Waal on X (Twitter) @Tom_deWaal 

Caucasus Edition: Journal of Conflict Transformation
The Caucasus Edition: Journal of Conflict Transformation is an independent online publication that serves as a forum for scholars, practitioners, journalists, policy analysts and novice researchers to analyze as well as discuss conflicts and related issues in the South Caucasus and Turkey.

Center for Truth & Justice (Opinion), Luis Moreno Ocampo, “Expert Opinion: Genocide against Armenians in 2023” (August 7, 2023)

Caucasus Edition YouTube Channel with Lala Darchinova and Philip Gamaghelyan, “What Can Be Done?” (September 21, 2023)

Washington Post (Opinion), Luis Moreno Ocampo, “A genocide is unfolding in Nagorno-Karabakh" (September 22, 2023)

New York Times, Andrew Higgins and Ivan Nechepurenko, “A Stunningly Sudden End to a Long, Bloody Conflict in the Caucasus” (September 27, 2023) 

ABC News, Patrick Reevell, “Inside the mass exodus of Armenians from Nagorno-Karabakh” (October 4, 2023) 

Council on Foreign Relations, Diana Roy, Author, and Sabine Baumgartner, Photo Editor, "In Photos: The Nagorno-Karabakh Exodus" (October 6, 2023)

New York Times (Opinion), Georgi Derluguian, “We Just Saw What the World Is About to Become” (Oct 9, 2023)

The Guardian (Opinion), Ruslan Javadov, “As an Azerbaijani, I have to speak out about my country’s ethnic cleansing of Armenians” (October 9, 2023)

Caucasus Edition YouTube Channel with Areg Kochinyan, Zaur Shiriyev, Laurence Broers, “The South Caucasus-Russia-West Triangle: Where Are We And Where Are Going?” (October 11, 2023)


Statements and Speeches: 

Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, United States Congress, "Safeguarding the People of Nagorno-Karabakh" (July 21, 2023)
     Video of Hearing

Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, United States Congress, “Nagorno-Karabakh: Update” (September 6, 2023)
     Video of Hearing

The White House, Statement by National Security Council Spokesperson Adrienne Watson on Explosion at Fuel Depot in Nagorno-Karabakh (September 26, 2023)

OSCE Permanent Council No. 1444 Vienna, EU Statement in response to the Current Issue to be raised by the US (September 28, 2023)

U.S. Mission to the OSCE, On the Situation in Nagorno-Karabakh  (October 5, 2023)

Ilham Aliyev raised the National Flag of Azerbaijan in Khankendi city and delivered a speech (October 15, 2023)

Government of Canada, Canada calls for cessation of hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region (last modified December 1, 2023)

Online and Videos 

Global Conflict Tracker, Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Caucasus Heritage Watch (CHW) includes alerts and reports on heritage monitoring and forensic research. 

USC Dornsife Institute of Armenian Studies “Resources on Nagorno Karabakh” features resources compiled during the 2020 Second Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Peace Building & Human Rights, Institute for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University, “Atrocities Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh)” 

Bright Garden Voices Twitter account and YouTube channel archive a project that intends to provide a platform for constructive dialogue between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. 

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre “Azerbaijan: After Some 20 Years, IDPS Still Face Barriers to Self-Reliance” (December 2010)  
     Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Azerbaijan country page
     Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre Armenia country page 

Civilnet YouTube channel, “Nikol Pashinyan and Ilham Aliyev Hold Public Debate in Munich” (February 15, 2020)

PBS Newshour/KET, “Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict has devastated the region” (October 18, 2020)  

PBS Newshour, “Brutal war between Azerbaijan, Armenia makes peace difficult” (December 21, 2020)  



Articles and Books 

Altstadt, Audrey L. 1992. The Azerbaijani Turks: Power and Identity under Russian Rule. Hoover Institution Press.  

Altstadt, Audrey L. 2017. Frustrated Democracy in Post-Soviet Azerbaijan. Woodrow Wilson Center Press and Columbia University Press.  

Brorers, Laurence. 2021. Armenia and Azerbaijan: Anatomy of a Rivalry. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 

de Waal, Thomas. 2013. Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War. New York: NYU Press. 

Malkasian, Mark. 1996. “Gha-ra-bagh!” The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. 

Toal, Gerard. 2019. Near Abroad: Putin, the West, and the Contest Over Ukraine and the Caucasus. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Wistrand, Jennifer. 2023. "A Development Approach to a Protracted IDP Situation: Lessons from Azerbaijan." Journal on Migration and Human Security 11(1): 23-40. 



Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU): Global Relief Fund

AGBU: Activate for Artsakh

Armenian Relief Society

Save the Children: Here's What You Need to Know About the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

The UN Refugee Agency: Armenia